Gabby

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Viruses

A microscopic particle that gets inside a cell and often destroys the cell.

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This is a virus and you know that because it is shaped like a spacecraft



Bacteria

Some bacteria, like Clostridium botulinum, form spores that are highly resistant to drought, high temperature and other environmental hazards. Once the hazard is removed, the spore germinates to create a new population.

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You know that this is a bacteria because it has a tail like thing called the flagellum


Archea

A domain made up of prokaryotes that are distinguished from other prokaryotes by differences in their genetics and in the make up of their cell wall.


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Archea also has a flagellum. Archea are prokaryotic cells

Animal Cell

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Animal Cell are eukaryotic cells because they are alive



Cell membrane

-it acts as a boundary layer to hold the cytoplasm

-engages surfaces and binds cells together

-selectively permeable to select images that pass in and out of cells



Cytoskeleton

It is a dynamic three-dimensional structure that fills the cytoplasm. The cytoskeleton function is:

protection against normal wear and tear
They cytockeleton is more like a scaffolding for the cell. Although protection against wear and tear is one of its functions, it is certainly not limited to this function alone. It is in fact a dynamic structure that:


  • maintains cell shape
  • often protects the cell
  • enables cellular motion
  • plays an important role in intracellular transport
  • is very important in cell division

Nucleus

-The nucleus consist of the nuclear envelope nucleolus Chromatin and nucleoplasm

-The Nuclear envelope consist of two unit membranes with a fluid filled space

-Has nuclear pores

-Outer membrane may be continuous with endoplasmic reticulum



Ribosome

-a non membraneous spherical body composed of RNA and protein enzymes

-its function is to site protein synthesis

Ribosomes give the cytoplasm of bacteria a granular appearance in electron micrographs. Though smaller than the ribosomes in eukaryotic cells, these inclusions have a similar function in translating the genetic message in messenger RNA into the production of peptide sequences (proteins).

ER

A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and that assists production, processing and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids


Mitochondrion

The cell organelle that is surronded by two membranes and that is the cellular respiration

Golgi Complex

The cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be transported out of the cell

Vesicle

A small cavity or sac that contains materials in a eukaryotic cell


Lysosome

A cell organell that contains digestive enzymes

Plant Cell

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Plant Cell have chloroplast to do photosythesis

Plant Cell Organisms


Cell Wall

-A cell wall is a non-living secretion of the cell membrane composed of cellulose-cellulose fibrils deposit in alternate layers of strength

-Contains openings that make it completely permeable

-The cell wall function is to provide protection for physical injury

-together with the vacuole, provides skeletal support



Chloroplast

The organelle that uses the energy of sunlight to make food


Large Central Vacuole

The organelle that stores water and other materials


Photosynthesis

The process by which plants,algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make food


Mitosis

In eukaryotic cells a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes mitosis ensures that each new cell receives a copy of each chromosome. Mitosis is divided into four phases. Mitosis is nuclear division plus cytokinesis, and produces two identical daughter cells during prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Interphase is often included in discussions of mitosis, but interphase is technically not part of mitosis, but rather encompasses stages G1, S, and G2 of the cell cycle

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Mitosis does cell division

http://www.biology.arizona.edu/Cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/cells3.html

Meiosis

A two-part cell division process in organisms that sexually reproduce, which results in gametes with one-half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell. chromosomes in a diploid cell resegregate, producing four haploid daughter cells. It is this step in meiosis that generates genetic diversity. This results in four daughter cells, each with an 1n chromosome number. In human females, meiosis II in the precursor egg cells never happens until/if a sperm first enters the egg to fertilize it. Fertilization triggers Meiosis II, and then the sperm nucleus unites with the resulting egg nucleus. Thus, the unfertilized “eggs” that a woman sheds each month are not true eggs. Also in human females, division of the cytoplasm is not even. This provides a way of keeping as much cytoplasm as possible with the future egg/zygote

external image moz-screenshot.jpgexternal image moz-screenshot-1.jpg
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Miosis divides two cel plates

CItation
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/Cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/cells3.html


Mendel Genetics


Mendel crossed pea plants to syudy seven different characteristics. In each cross, mendel used plants that were true breeding for different traits for each characteristic. The offspring were called the first generation plants. All the plants in the first generation were purple flowers. Mendel allowed the first-generation plants



Nonvascular plant

The the three groups of plants ( liverworts, hornworts and mosses) that lack specialized conducting tissues and true roots, stems and leaves
external image image002.jpg
http://www.tomah.k12.wi.us/schools/ths/staff/pages/adamsjeffrey/Plant%20Notes_files/image002.jpg
Rhizod
A rootlike structure in nonvascular plants that holds the plants in place and helps plants get water and nutrients

this is the formation of the rhizoid
this is the formation of the rhizoid


Citation: http://paleopolis.rediris.es/cg/CG2006_BOOK_02/images/berger-large.png








The Lytic Cycle



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this is a wolf puppy











I chose a wolf because they are awesome


Fast Facts

- Wolves are carnivores

- They weigh one pound at birth

- Litter consist of about 4-6 puppies

- Have 42 teeth

- Live up to 13 years in wild (usually 6-8)

- Live up to 16 years in captivity

- Can sprint up to 25-30 miles short distances